The Plant, its Use and Principal Constituents
Artemisia abrotanum L., southernwood, is an aromatic-bitter plant, of which the dried leaves and blooming stem parts are used medicinally and culinary, in liqueurs and in the perfume industry. The drug is known as Herba Abrotani.
In folk medicine, southernwood is used because of its reputed emmenagogue, anthelmintic, antiseptic, antipyretic, appetite stimulant, spasmolytic and choleretic effects. In addition, it is used to alleviate bronchial disorders. For the choleretic activity the coumarins, isofraxidin, scopoletin and umbelliferone, are held responsible (Steinegger and Hansel 1972). Flavonols, such as casticin, centaureidin and quercetin derivatives, possess weak spasmolytic activity and explain the plant's use in the treatment of bronchial diseases (Bergendorff and Sterner 1995). The herb has been shown to possess antimalarial activity in vitro. This activity is ascribed to isofraxidine and a bisabolol oxide derivative (Cubukcu et al., 1990). The alkaloid abrotine (content: 2-3%) has has been shown to possess stimulant and antipyretic properties (Berger 1954). The herb contains about 0.45% of essential oil.
Description of the Drug
No description of the drug has been found in the literature. Criteria for Quality
No criteria for the quality assurance of A. abrotanum have been recovered from the literature.
Was this article helpful?