References

Adams, D.O. and Hamilton, T.A. (1984) The cell biology of macrophage activation. Annual Review of Immunology, 2, 283—318.

Adams, D.O. and Hamilton, T.A. (1987) Molecular transductional mechanism by which IFN gamma and other signals regulate macrophage development. Immunological Reviews, 97, 5—27.

Adler, H., Frech, B., Thony, M., Pfister, H., Peterhans, E. and Jungi, T.W. (1995) Inducible nitric oxide synthase in cattle. Differential cytokine regulation of nitric oxide synthase in bovine and murine macrophages. Journal of Immunology, 154, 4710—4718.

Akev, N. and Can, A. (1999) Separation and some properties of Aloe vera L. leaf pulp lectins. Phytotherapy Research, 13, 489-493.

Andersen, D.O., Weber, N.D., Wood, S.G., Hughes, B.G., Murray, B.K. and North, J.A. (1991) In vitro virucidal activity of selected anthraquinones and anthraquinone derivatives. Antiviral Research, 16, 185-196.

Beatriz, V., Avila, G., Segura, D. and Escalante, B. (1996) Anti-inflammatory activity of extracts from Aloe vera gel. J. Ethnopharm, 55, 69-75.

Bedoya, F.J., Flodstrom, M. and Eizirik. D.L. (1995) Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate prevents IL-1 induced nitric oxide synthase mRNA, but not superoxide dismutase mRNA, in insulin producingcells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 210, 816-822.

Bielefeldt-Ohmann, H. and Babiuk, L.A. (1986) Alteration of some leukocyte functions following in vivo and in vitro exposure to recombinant bovine alpha- and gamma-interferon. Journal of Interferon Research, 6, 123-136.

Bowden, R.A. (1995) The effect of a mannose-rich extract on integrin expression on vascular endothelial cells. PhD Thesis, Texas A&M University, Houston, USA.

Brossat, J.Y., Ledeaut, J.Y., Ralamboranto, L., Rakotovao, L.H., Solar, S., Gueguen, A. and Coulanges, P. (1981) Immunostimulating properties of an extract isolated from Aloe vahombe.

2. Protection in mice by fraction F 1 against infections by Listeria monocytogenes, Yersinia pestis, Candida albicans and Plasmodium berghei. Archives de l'Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, 48, 11—34.

Bruce, W.G. (1967) Investigations of antibacterial activity in the aloe. South African Medical Journal, 7, 984.

Burghardt, R.C., Barhoumi, R., Stickney, M., Ku, C.-Y. and Sanborn, B.M. (1996) Correlation between Connexin 43 Expression, Cell-Cell Communication, and Oxytocin-Induced Ca2+ Responses in an Immortalized Human Myometrial Cell Line. Biology of Reproduction, 55, 433—438.

Byeon, S.W., Pelley, R.P., Ullrich, S.E., Waller, T.A., Bucana, C.D. and Strickland, F.M. (1998) Aloe barbadensis extracts reduce the production of interleukin-10 after exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 11, 811—817.

Chinnah, A.D. (1990) Evaluation of antiviral, adjuvant and immunomodulatory effects of a ß-(1,4)-linked polymannose (acemannan). Doctoral Dissertation; Texas A&M University, Houston, USA.

Chinnah, A.D., Baigh, M., Tizard, I.R. and Kemp, M.C. (1992) Antigen dependent adjuvant activity of a polydispersed (1,4)-linked acetylated mannan (acemannan). Vaccine, 10, 551—558.

Cho, H.J., Xie, Q.-W., Calaycay, J., Mumford, R.A., Swiderek, K.M., Lee, T.D. and Nathan, C. (1991) Calmodulin is a subunit of nitric oxide synthase from macrophages. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 176, 599—604.

Corsi, M.M., Bertelli, A.A., Gaja, G., Fulgenzi, A. and Ferrero, M.E. (1998) The therapeutic potential of Aloe vera in tumor-bearing rats. InternationalJournal of Tissue Reactions, 20, 115—118.

Davis, R.H., DiDonato, J.J., Hartman, G.M. and Haas, R.C. (1994a) Anti-inflammatory and wound healing activity of a growth substance in Aloe vera. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 84, 77—81.

Davis, R.H., DiDonato, J.J., Johnson, R.W. and Stewart, C.B. (1994b) Aloe vera, hydrocortisone, and sterol influence on wound tensile strength and anti-inflammation. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 84, 614—621.

Davis, R.H., Leitner, M.G. and Russo, J.M. (1987) Topical anti-inflammatory activity of Aloe vera as measured by ear swelling. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 77, 610—612.

Davis, R.H., Leitner, M.G., Russo, J.M. and Byrne, M.E. (1989a) Anti-inflammatory activity of Aloe vera against a spectrum of irritants. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association 79, 263-276.

Davis, R.H. and Maro, N.P. (1989) Aloe vera and gibberellin. Anti-inflammatory activity in diabetes. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 79, 24-26.

Davis, R.H., Parker, W.L., Samson, R.T. and Murdoch, D.P. (1991) The isolation of an active inhibitory system from an extract of Aloe vera. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 81, 258-261.

Davis, R.H., Rosenthal, K.Y., Cesario, L.R. and Rouw, G.A. (1989b) Processed Aloe vera administered topically inhibits inflammation. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 79, 395-397.

Drapier, J.C., Wietzerbin, J. and Hibbs, J.B. Jr (1988) Interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor induce the L-arginine-dependent cytotoxic effector mechanism in murine macrophages. European Journal of Immunology, 18, 1587-1592.

Drysdale, B.E., Agarwal, S. and Shin, H.S. (1988) Macrophage-mediated tumoricidal activity: mechanisms of activation and cytotoxicity. Progress in Allergy, 40, 111-161.

Egger, S.F., Brown, G.S., Kelsey, L.S., Yates, K.M., Rosenberg, L.J. and Talmadge, J.E. (1996a) Hematopoietic augmentation by a beta-(1,4)-linked mannan. Cancer Immunology and, Immunotherapy, 43, 195-205.

Egger, S.F., Brown, G.S., Kelsey, L.S., Yates, K.M., Rosenberg, L.J. and Talmadge, J.E. (1996b) Studies on optimal dose and administration schedule of a hematopoietic stimulatory beta-(1,4)-linked mannan. International Journal of Immunopharmacology, 18, 113-126.

Fujita, K., Ito, S., Teradaira, R. and Beppu, H. (1979) Properties of a carboxypeptidase from aloe. Biochemal Pharmacology, 28, 1261-1262.

Fujita, K., Teradaira, R. and Nagatsu, T. (1976) Bradykinase activity of aloe extract. Biochemical Pharmacology, 15, 205.

Grindlay, D. and Reynolds, T. (1986) The Aloe vera phenomenon: a review of the properties and modern uses of the leaf parenchyma gel. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 16, 117—151.

Harris, C., Pierce, K., King, G., Yates, K.M., Hall, J. and Tizard, I.R. (1991) Efficacy of acemannan treatment of canine and feline spontaneous neoplasms. Molecular Biotherapy, 3, 207-213.

Hibbs, J.B. Jr, Tainer, R.R., Vavrin, Z. and Paachlin, E.M. (1988) Nitric oxide: a cytotoxic activated macrophage effector molecule. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 157, 87-94.

Hirata, T. and Suga, T. (1977) Biologically active constituents of leaves and roots of Aloe arborescens var. natalensis. Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung, C, 32, 731-734.

Holdsworth, D.K. (1971) Chromones in aloe species. I. Aloesin—a C-glucosyl-7-hydroxy-chromone. Planta Medica, 19, 322-325.

Holdsworth, D.K. (1972) Chromones in aloe species. II. Aloesone. Planta Medica, 22, 54-58.

Hunt, T.K., Knighton, D.R., Thakral, K.D., Goodson, W.H. and Andrews W.S. (1983) Studies on inflammation and wound healing: angiogenesis and collagen synthesis stimulated in vivo by resident and activated macrophages. Surgery, 96, 48-54.

Hutter, J.A., Salman, M., Stavinoha, W.B., Satsangi, N., Williams, R.F., Streeper, R.T. and Weintraub, S.T. (1996). Antiinflammatory C-glucosyl chromone from Aloe barbadensis. Journal of Natural Products, 59, 541-543.

Inoue, K., Nakajima, H. and Kohno, M. (1983) An antitumor polysaccharide produced by Microellobosporia grisea: preparation, general characterization, and antitumor activity. Carbohydrate Research, 114, 164-168.

Inoue, K., Kawamoto, K.K. and Kadoya, S. (1983) Structural studies on an antitumor polysac-charide DMG, a degrade D-mannose glucan from Microellobosporia grisea. Carbohydrate Research, 114, 245-256.

Kahlon, J.B., Kemp, M.C., Carpenter, R.H., McAnalley, B.H., McDaniel, H.R. and Shannon, W.M. (1991) Inhibition of AIDS virus replication by acemannan in vitro. Molecular Biotherapy, 3, 127 -135.

Kamijo, R., Harada, H., Matsuyama, T., Bosland, M., Gerecitano, J., Shapiro, D., Le, J., Im, K.S., Kimura, T., Green, S., Mak, T.W., Taniguchi, T. and Vilcek. J. (1994) Requirement for transcription factor IRF-1 in NO synthase induction in macrophages. Science, 263, 1612-1615.

Karaca, K., Sharma, J.M. and Nordgren, R. (1995) Nitric oxide production by chicken macrophages activated by acemannan, a complex carbohydrate extracted from Aloe vera. International Journal ofImmunopharmacology, 17, 183-188.

King, G.K., Yates, K.M., Greenlee, P.G., Pierce, K.R., Ford, C.M., McAnalley, B.H. and Tizard, I.R. (1995) The effect of acemannan immunostimulant in combination with surgery and radiation therapy on spontaneous canine and feline fibrosarcomas. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 31, 439-447.

Koike, T., Beppu, H., Kuzuya, H., Maruta, K., Shimpo, K., Suzuki, M., Titani, K. and Fujita, K. (1995a) A 35kDa mannose-binding lectin with hemagglutinating and mitogenic activities from 'Kidachi Aloe' (Aloe arborescens Miller var. natalensis Berger). Journal of Biochemistry, 118, 1205-1210.

Koike, T., Titani, K., Suzuki, M., Beppu, H., Kuzuya, H., Maruta, K., Shimpo, K. and Fujita, K. (1995b) The complete amino acid sequence of a mannose-binding lectin from 'Kidachi Aloe'

(Aloe arborescens Miller var. natalensis Berger). Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 214, 163-170.

Kolls, J., Xie, J., LeBlanc, R., Malinski, T., Nelson, S., Summer, W. and Greenberg, S.S. (1994) Rapid induction of messenger RNA for nitric oxide synthase 11 in rat neutrophils in vivo by endotoxin and its suppression by prednisolone. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology andMedicine, 205, 220-225.

Koprowski, H., Zheng, Y.M., Heber-Katz, E., Fraser, N., Rorke, L., Fu, Z.F., Hanlon, C. and Dietzschold, B. (1993) In vivo expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in experimentally induced neurological diseases. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 90,3024-3027.

Kroemer, G., Petit, P., Zamzami, N., Vayssiere, J.L. and Mignotte, B. (1995). The biochemistry of programmed cell death. FASEB Journal, 9, 1277-1287.

Lackovic, V., Borecky, L., Sikl, D., Masler, L. and Bauer, S. (1970) Stimulation of interferon production by mannans. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 134, 874-879.

Lee, C.K., Han, S.S., Shin, Y.K., Chung, M.H., Park, Y.I., Lee, S.K. and Kim, Y.S. (1999) Prevention of ultraviolet radiation-induced suppression of contact hypersensitivity by Aloe vera gel components. International Journal of Immunopharmacology, 21, 303-310.

Lee, C.K., Han, S.S., Mo, Y.K., Kim, R.S., Chung, M.H., Park, Y.I., Lee, S.K. and Kim, Y.S. (1997) Prevention of ultraviolet radiation-induced suppression of accessory cell function of Langerhans cells by Aloe vera gel components. Immunopharmacology, 37, 153-162.

Lorsbach, R.B., Murphy, W.J., Lowenstein, C.J., Snyder, S.H. and Russell, S.W. (1993) Expression of the nitric oxide synthase gene in mouse macrophages activated for tumor cell killing. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 268, 1908-1913.

Lowenstein, C.J., Alley, E.W., Raval, P., Snowman, A.M., Snyder, S.H., Russel, S.W. and Murphy,W.J. (1993) Macrophage nitric oxide synthase gene: two upstream regions mediate induction by interferon y and lipopolysaccharide. Biochemistry, 90, 9730-9734.

Lyons, C.R., Orloff, G.J. and Cunningham, J.M. (1992) Molecular cloning and functional expression of an inducible nitric oxide synthase from a murine macrophage cell line. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 267, 6370-6374.

Makino, K., Yagi, A. and Nishioka, I. (1974) Studies on the constituents of Aloe arborescens Mill. var. natalensis Berger. II. The structures of two new aloesin esters. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 22, 1565-1570.

Manna, S. and McAnalley, B.H. (1993) Determination of the position of the 0-acetyl group in a ß-(1-4)-mannan ('acemannan') from Aloe barbardensis Miller. Carbohydrate Research, 24,

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Aloe and Your Health

Aloe and Your Health

This іѕ а health guide, whісh саn hеlр people knоw hоw tо mаkе uѕе оf Aloe vera tо improve оvеrаll health аnd deal wіth mаnу kinds оf diseases.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment