Reference On Aloe Vera Biochemistry

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Agarwala, O.P. (1997) Whole leaf aloe gel vs. standard aloe gel. Drug and Cosmetics Industry, February, 22-28.

Akev, N. and Can, A. (1999) Separation and some properties of Aloe vera L. leaf pulp lectins. Phytotherapy Research, 13, 489-493.

Aspinall, G.O. (1980) Chemistry of cell wall polysaccharides. In The Biochemistry of Plants, edited by J. Preiss, p. 473. New York, Academic Press.

Bewley, J.D. and Reid, J.S.G. (1985) Mannana and glucomannans. In Biochemistry of Storage Carbohydrates in Green plants, pp. 289-304, edited by P.M. Dey and R.A. Dixon. London, Academic Press.

Diehl, B. and Teichmuller, E.E. (1998) Aloe vera, quality inspection and identification

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Farkas, A. (1963) Topical medicament including polyuronide derived from Aloe. US Patent 3, 103, 466.

Femenia, A., Sanchez, E.S., Simal, S. and Rossello, C. (1999) Compositional features of poly-saccharides from Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) plant tissues. Carbohydrate Polymers, 39, 109-117.

Fincher, G.B., Stone, B.A. and Clark, A.E. (1983) Arabinogalactan-proteins: structure, biosynthesis, and function. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 34, 47-70.

Fujita, K., Suzuki, I., Ochiai, J., Shinpo, K., Inoue, S. and Saito, H. (1978) Specific reaction of aloe extract with serum proteins of various animals. Experientia, 34, 523-524.

Gowda, D.C., Neelisidaiah, B. and Anjaneyalu, Y.V. (1979) Structural studies of polysaccharides from Aloe vera. Carbohydrate research, 72, 201-205.

Gowda, D.C. (1980) Structural studies of polysaccharides from Aloe saponaria and Aloe vanbalenii. Carbohydrate Research, 83, 402-405.

Grindlay, D. and Reynolds, T. (1986) The aloe vera phenomenon: a review of the properties and modern uses of the leaf parenchyma gel. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 16, 117-151.

Haq, Q.N. and Hannan, A. (1981) Studies on glucogalactomannan from the leaves of Aloe vera, TOURN. (EX LINN.). Bangladesh Journal of Science and Industry Research, XVI, 68-72.

Hikino, H., Takahashi, M., Murakami, M. and Konno, C. (1986) Isolation and hypoglycemic activity of arborans A and B, glycans of Aloe arborescens var. natalensis leaves. International Journal of Crude Drug Research, 24, 183-186.

Hranisavljevic-Jakovljevic, M. and Miljkovic-Stojanovic, J. (1981) Structural study of an acidic polysaccharide isolated from Aloe arborescens Mill. I. Periodate oxidation and partial acid hydrolysis. Bulletin de la Societe Chimique Beograd, 46, 269-273.

Kennedy, J.F. and White, C.A. (1983) Bioactive carbohydrates: in Chemistry, Biochemistry and Biology. pp. 142-181. New York: Ellis Horwood Ltd.

Knox, J.P. (1995) Developmentally regulated proteoglycans and glycoproteins of the plant cell surface. FASEB Journal, 9, 1004-1012.

Koike, T., Beppu, H., Kuzuya, H., Maruta, K., Shimpo, K., Suzuki, M., Titani, K. and Fujita, K. (1995) A 35kDa mannose building lectin with hemagglutinating and mitogenic activities from "Kidachi Aloe" (Aloe arborescens Miller var. natalensis Berger). Journal of Biochemistry, 118, 1205-1210.

Mabusela, W.T., Stephen, A.M. and Botha, M.C. (1990) Carbohydrate polymers from Aloe ferox leaves. Phytochemistry, 29, 3555-3558.

Mandal, G. and Das, A. (1980a) Structure of the D-galactan isolated from Aloe barbadensis Miller. Carbohydrate research, 86, 247-257.

Mandal, G. and Das, A. (1980b) Structure of the glucomannan isolated from the leaves of Aloe barbadensis Miller. Carbohydrate Research, 87, 249-256.

Mandal, G., Ghosh, R. and Das, A. (1983) Characterization of polysaccharides of Aloe barbadensis Miller: Part Ill-structure of an acidic oligosaccharide. Indian Journal of Chemistry, 22B, 890-893.

Manna, S. and McAnalley, B.H. (1993) Determination of the position of the 0-acetyl group in a ß-(1 —> 4)-mannan (acemannan) from Aloe barbadensis Miller. Carbohydrate Research, 241, 317-319.

Marshall, G.D., Gibbons, A.S. and Parnell, L.S. (1993) Human cytokines induced by acemannan. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 91, 295.

McAnalley, B.H. (1988) Process for preparation of aloe products, produced thereby and composition thereof. US patent, 4, 735, 935.

McAnalley, B.H. (1990) Processes for preparation of aloe products, produced thereby and composition thereof. US patent, 4, 917, 890.

Ni, Y., Yates, K.M. and Zarzycki, R. (1999) Aloe pectins. US patent 5929051.

Ovodova, R.G., Lapchik, V.F. and Ovodova, Y.S. (1975) Polysaccharides in Aloe arborescens. Khimija Prirodnykh Soedinenii, 11, 3-5.

Paez, A., Gebre, G.M., Gonzalez, M.E. and Tschaplinski, T.J. (2000) Growth, soluble carbohydrates, and aloin concentration of Aloe vera plants exposed to three irradiance levels. Environmental & Experimental Botany, 44, 133-139.

Paulsen, B.S., Fagerheim, E. and Overbye, E. (1978) Structural studies of the polysaccharide from Aloeplicatilis Miller. Carbohydrate Research, 60, 345-351.

Radjabi, F., Amar, C. and Vilkas, E. (1983) Structural studies of the glucomannan from Aloe vahombe. Carbohydrate Research, 116, 166-170.

Radjabi-Nassab, F., Ramiliarison, C., Monneret, C. and Vilkas, E. (1984) Further studies of the glucomannan from Aloe vahombe (liliaceae). II. Partial hydrolyses and NMR 13C studies. Biochimie, 66, 563-567.

Ramamoorthy, L. and Tizard, I.R. (1998) Induction of apoptosis in a macrophage cell line RAW 264.7 by acemannan, a ß-(1 —>4)-acetylated mannan. Molecular Pharmacology, 53,415-421.

Reid, J.S.D. (1985) Galactomannan. In Biochemistry of Storage Carbohydrates in Green plants, pp. 265-288, edited by P.M. Dey and R.A. Dixon. London: Academic Press.

Reynolds, T. and Dweck, A.C. (1999) Aloe vera leaf gel: a review update. Journal of Ethnophar-macology, 68, 3-37.

Roboz, E. and Haagen-Smit, A.J. (1948) A mucilage from Aloe vera. Journal of American Chemical Society, 70, 3248-3249.

Ross, S.A., ElSohly, M.A. and Wilkins, S.P. (1997) Quantitative analysis of Aloe vera mucilagenous polysaccharides in commercial Aloe vera products. Journal of AOAC International, 80, 455-457.

Robyt, J.F. (1998) Essentials of carbohydrate chemistry. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Rowe, T.D. and Parks, L.M. (1941) Phytochemical study of Aloe vera leaf. Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, 30, 262—266.

Saito, H. (1993) Purification of active substances of Aloe arborescens Miller and their biological and pharmacological activity. Phytotherapy Research, 7, S14—S19.

Segal, A., Taylor, J.A. and Eoff, J.C. (1968) A re-investigation of the polysaccharide material from Aloe vera mucilage. Lloydia, 31, 423.

Suzuki, I., Saito, H. and Inoue, S. (1979) A study of cell agglutination and cap formation on various cells with Aloctin A. Cell Structure and Function, 3, 379.

Suzuki, I., Saito, H., Inoue, S., Migita, S. and Takahashi, T. (1979) Purification and characterization of two lectins from Aloe aborescens. Journal of Biochemistry, 85, 163—171.

t'Hart, L.A., van den Berg, A.J.J., Kuis, L., van Dijk, H. and Labadie, R.P. An anti-complementary polysaccharide with immunological adjuvant activity from the leafparenchyma gel of Aloe vera. Planta Medica, 55, 509—512.

Tizard, I., Carpenter, R.H., McAnalley, B.H. and Kemp, M. (1989) The biological activity of mannans and related complex carbohydrates. Molecular Biotherapy, 1, 290—296.

Vilkas, E. and Radjabi-Nassab, F. (1986) The glucomannan system from Aloe vahombe (liliaceae). III. Comparative studies on the glucomannan components isolated from the leaves. Biochimie, 68, 1123-1127.

Waller, G.R., Mangiafico, S. and Ritchey, C.R. (1978) A chemical investigation of Aloe barbadensis Miller. Proceedings of Oklohoma Academy of Sciences, 58, 69-76.

Winters, W.D. (1993) Immunoreactive lectins in leaf gel from Aloe barbadensis Miller. Phytotherapy Research, 7, S23-S25.

Winters, W.D. and Yang, P.B. (1996) Polypeptides of the three major medicinal aloes. Phytotherapy Research, 10, 5736-576.

Wozniewski, T., Blaschek, W. and Franz, G. (1990) Isolation and structure analysis of a glucomannan from the leaves of Aloe arborescens var. Miller. Carbohydrate Research, 198, 387-391.

Yagi, A., Makino, K., Nishioka, I. and Kuchino, Y. (1977) Aloe mannan, polysaccharide, from Aloe arborescens var. natalensis. Plant Medica, 31, 17-20.

Yagi, A., Hamada, K., Mihashi, K., Harada, N. and Nishioka, I. (1984) Structure determination of polysaccharides in Aloe saponaria (Hill.) Haw. (Liliaceae). Journal of Pharmaceutical Science, 73, 62-65.

Yagi, A., Harada, N., Shimomura, K. and Nishioka, I. (1987) Bradykinin-degrading glycoprotien in Aloe arborescens var. natalensis. Planta Medica, 53, 19-21.

Yagi, A., Nishimura, H., Shida, T. and Nishioka, I. (1986) Structure determination of polysaccharides in Aloe arborescens var. natalensis. Planta Medica, 3, 213-218.

Yagi, A., Egusa, T., Arase, M., Tanabe, M. and Tsuji, H. (1997) Isolation and characterization of the glycoprotein fraction with a proliferation-promoting activity on human and hamster cells in vitro from Aloe vera gel. Planta Medica, 63, 18-21.

Yaron, A. (1991) Aloe vera: chemical and physical properties and stabilization. Israel Journal of Botany, 40, 270.

Yaron, A. (1993) Characterization of Aloe vera gel before and after autodegredation, and stabilization of the natural fresh gel. Phytotherapy Research, 7, S11-S13.

Yaron, A., Cohen, E. and Arad, S.M. (1992) Stabilization of Aloe vera gel by interaction with sulfated polysaccharides from red microalgae and with xanthan gum. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 40, 1316-1320.

Yoshimoto, R., Kondoh, N., Isawa, M. and Hamuro, J. (1987) Plant lectin, ATF1011, on the tumor cell surface augments tumor specific immunity through activation of T cells specific for lectin. Cancer Immunology Immunotherapy, 25, 25-30.

Zhang, L. and Tizard, I.R. (1996) Activation of a mouse macrophage line by acemannan: the major carbohydrate fraction from Aloe vera gel. Immunopharmocology, 35, 119-128.

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